Head of Hera

Head of Hera


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File:Head of Hera, or Juno (Greek mythology systematized).png

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Head of Hera - History

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Io, in Greek mythology, daughter of Inachus (the river god of Argos) and the Oceanid Melia. Under the name of Callithyia, Io was regarded as the first priestess of Hera, the wife of Zeus. Zeus fell in love with her and, to protect her from the wrath of Hera, changed her into a white heifer. Hera persuaded Zeus to give her the heifer and sent Argus Panoptes (“the All-Seeing”) to watch her. Zeus thereupon sent the god Hermes, who lulled Argus to sleep and killed him. Hera then sent a gadfly to torment Io, who therefore wandered all over the earth, crossed the Ionian Sea, swam the strait that was thereafter known as the Bosporus (meaning Ox-Ford), and at last reached Egypt, where she was restored to her original form and gave birth to Epaphus.

Io was identified with the Egyptian goddess Isis, and Epaphus with Apis, the sacred bull. Epaphus was said to have been carried off by order of Hera to Byblos in Syria, where he was found again by Io. This part of the legend connects Io with the Syrian goddess Astarte. Both the Egyptian and the Syrian parts, in fact, reflect interchange with the East and the identification of foreign with Greek gods.


Argus

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Argus, byname Panoptes (Greek: “All-Seeing”), figure in Greek legend described variously as the son of Inachus, Agenor, or Arestor or as an aboriginal hero (autochthon). His byname derives from the hundred eyes in his head or all over his body, as he is often depicted on Athenian red-figure pottery from the late 6th century bc . Argus was appointed by the goddess Hera to watch the cow into which Io (Hera’s priestess) had been transformed, but he was slain by Hermes, who is called Argeiphontes, “Slayer of Argus,” in the Homeric poems. Argus’s eyes were transferred by Hera to the tail of the peacock. His fate is mentioned in a number of Greek tragedies from the 5th century bc —including two by Aeschylus, Suppliants and Prometheus Bound, and Euripides’ Phoenician Women—and the Latin poet Ovid’s Metamorphoses from the 1st century ad .


Checkpoint 3

Before continuing on however, turn around! When the Hydra Head turns up, use it to jump up on top of the high wall with a Double Jump and Ares’s Wrath. Head to the walkway on the right, then jump on top of the Hydra Head when it appears, then Glide to the island where the chest is. You may need to use Ares’s Wrath at the end of the glide too. The Chest will contain Satyr Armour!

In order to get back, you’ll need to Glide to the walkway on the left side of the tower, because the right-hand side is guarded by Corruption that almost instantly drains your energy.

Okay, back to the main path. Use the same timing strategy as with Checkpoint 1’s platform to get past the Hydra Heads, then when jumping to the double platform, stand on the far end to avoid the third one. Next you’ll have another Hero Plate platform to stand on luckily you have all the time in the world to jump on so you can reset yourself for the next Hydra. When the platform stops, you’ll need to jump onto the Hydra Head nearby in order to reach the wide platform above.

As the wide platform moves, stand on the right-hand side to avoid another Hydra Head. Jump onto the Hero Plate platform with the usual timing, then at the end, jump on another Hydra Head to reach the final platform. As it moves forward, use yet another Hydra Head to get up to the final Checkpoint.


Relations

Hera and Zeus lead a complicated relationship, by all accounts after their first few hundred years of marriage their relationship was constantly under-strain. Zeus was incapable of a monogamous relationship, yet both Hera's conservative values for marriage and her pride as a representative of it demanded that Zeus love her and only her. Hera attempted to cheat on Zeus twice, once with the hero Jason, who Zeus arranged to meet the sorceress, Medea, in order to avoid the issue and once with Ixion, though this myth varies between Hera genuinely finding Ixion charming (if quaint) and indulging his flirtations solely to spite Zeus for all his dalliances. Hera once tried to organize a coup d'état against Zeus. She gained nearly half the gods' support before Zeus found out about it and broke it up, Hera was chained to her throne for years as punishment for the attempt. Despite this sort of dynamic the clergy of Hera speak of the two as having a constant love for each-other and the stories were used as fables as to how marriage needs to be based on love and not necessarily fondness.

Siblings

Hera got along better with her sisters and brothers than with other gods. Poseidon has a rivalry with Zeus much the same as Hera and he was one of the first gods to support her in her attempt to usurp her husband. Her brother Hades was feared by mortals and gods alike and as such her gift of Cerberus kept her off his bad-side. However after Hera sent Heracles to kill Cerberus in order to trick him into crossing Hades, Hades found out about it before Cerberus was harmed he threatened Hera if she ever attempted any such trick again, suitably scared, Hera dropped her grievance with Heracles and there are no further interaction written about Hera and Hades, neither of whom presumably ever wanted to hear from the other again. Hera's sister, Demeter, had her daughter, Persephone, by Zeus, however there is no indication that Hera had any feuds with Demeter over this, either Hera did not know or she was willing to forgive her sister for a one-night-stand. Like all gods and goddesses, Hera was extremely fond of her sister Hestia, who in-fact did manage to remain an eternal virgin and freely did all Olympian house-work for Hera and the other gods.

Children and step-children

Hera's dialog in nearly every surviving play shows her speaking condescendingly towards her step-children, Hermes, Apollo, Artemis, Dionysus, Persephone and especially Athena. Athena was Zeus' daughter via his first wife, Metis, whom Zeus had divorced to marry Hera. As Metis freely allowed Zeus to divorce her for a woman he loved more she stayed on as his advisor for years and when Athena was claimed by Zeus she proved the paragon of Greek values and did him proud because of this, Hera had a strong resentment towards Athena, partially because it was an unpleasant reminder about Metis that in-fact Hera was originally the so called 'other-woman' and partially because Athena earned more praise than her own children. Hera encouraged her own son, Ares, to out-stage Athena as god of war, but Ares became so addicted to blood-lust he was far more of a brute than a tactician like Athena - further embarrassing Hera. Hera's son Hephaestus was born deformed, in disgust after looking at him the first time, Hera threw him down to earth. He spent years teaching himself how to craft beautiful jewelry to present to his mother to endear himself to her. Once Hephaestus was convinced he had achieved perfection he gave Hera her jewels that their beauty might distract her from his ugliness, Hera was flattered by the bribe for her love and welcomed Hephaestus back to Olympus where he became employed as the blacksmith of the gods. Hera's daughter Hebe was her only daughter with Zeus and Hera treasured her as a delicate doll, Hebe is often painted as being fawned over by Hera who combs her hair, applies her make-up and corrects the posture as a doting mother. When Heracles ascended as a god, Zeus pledged Hebe to Heracles as his immortal wife, only with his union to her daughter did Hera finally bury her grief with Heracles. Hera was largely neutral to Zeus' adopted daughter Aphrodite, as she had no mother, however as goddess of beauty and a prominent debutante, Aphrodite and Hera's egos would occasionally clash, such as the time both insisted they were the fairest goddess on Olympus. The feud between Hera, Aphrodite and later Athena would initiate a contest for beauty that would result in the Trojan War.


History [ edit | edit source ]

Marriage being sacred to her, Hera was enraged at Zeus's many infidelities. The one which irked her the most was Zeus's affair with the mortal Alcmene: the product of which was the demi-god Hercules. At every opportunity, from the very moment Hercules was born, Hera would send monsters of various kinds to attack him.

Her first move towards Hercules was where she unleashed the Lernaean Hydra to attack Hercules and Iolaus. The Lernaean Hydra was slain by Hercules and Iolaus. When Hercules is a prisoner of Hippolyta, Zeus pays Hercules a visit and tells him that Hippolyta and her Amazons are servants of Hera. Hippolyta later speaks with Hera. During the discussion, Hera is displeased with Hippolyta for developing feelings for Hercules. Hippolyta tells Hera that the Amazons have had it with her lies and hatred.

Hera decides to insure her vengeance by possessing Hippolyta. As Hippolyta, Hera orders the Amazons to ride to Gargarencia and leave nothing left standing. Ultimately, the women cannot destroy the men and their village. Hercules has to fight "Hippolyta" to save both the men and the Amazons. Pithus tries to come to Hercules' aid, but "Hippolyta" slits his throat.

When Hercules has a chance to kill the possessed Hippolyta, he cannot do it as he would also be killing the woman he loves. Knowing the pain it will cause Hercules, "Hippolyta" takes a suicidal dive into a ravine. Hercules later went back in time with Zeus' help and prevented Hippolyta from siding with Hera (HTLJ: "Hercules and the Amazon Women").

Hera's Blue Cult led by the Blue Priest occupied Troy when King Ilus was unable to sacrifice his daughter Deianeira of Troy. Right after the Blue Priest is slain by Hercules, Zeus appears to tell his son that Hera still wants Dieaneria. When Hercules refuses to grant her that demand, Hera instead takes him as a sacrifice. Zeus assures the worried Dieaneria that Hera won't dare kill his son. This proves to be true as Hera drops Hercules back on Earth (HTLD: "Hercules and the Lost Kingdom").

Hera later stole Prometheus's torch in order to rob Earth of it's fire. Hercules found the torch on top of a mountain surrounded by a circle of fire. After Hercules threw the torch all the way back to Prometheus' lair, he started to collapse in the circle of fire. Zeus threatened Hera not to kill Hercules or he will haunt her decision on this. This forced Hera to spare Hercules (HTLJ: "Hercules and the Circle of Fire").

After defeating Hera's minion Eryx, Hercules takes the peacock feather he earned to Hera's temple in order to call a truce with her. Hera defies Hercules so he destroys her temple. Zeus appears and tells Hercules that he will only make things worse between him and Hera (HTLJ: "Hercules in the Underworld").

Hera later sends a giant fireball to Hercules' house which kills Deianeira while she slept. This caused Hercules to swear a lifetime vengeance on Hera and even plans to take down Hera's temples. (HTLJ: "The Wrong Path").

Hera was shown to have a Sacred Vineyard near Traycus which was guarded by her worshipers led by Castor and the Cyclops. After the Cyclops enlisted by Hera's worshipers failed to kill Hercules, Hera sent her Executioners to kill Hercules. They were all defeated by Hercules and the Cyclops (HTLJ: "Eye of the Beholder").

When a group of homeless villagers are making their way to Calydon, Broteas steals a chalice from an abandoned town of Parthus which angers Hera. The seer tells Hercules about the abandoned town which is cursed. At night, the seer goes into the temple where the chalice was kept and has a vision of a beautiful woman being given the chalice by Zeus. He also sees Hera exact her revenge on the villagers by turning them all to dust. Hercules wakes the next day to find the villagers about to sacrifice the food he had given them to Hera. Hera later sends the Lead Bounty Hunter and his minions after Hercules and the homeless villagers. They were defeated by Hercules. After Broteus was discovered to have stolen the chalice, Hercules takes the chalice and throws it very far (HTLJ: "The Road to Calydon").

Nessus' brother Nemis enters one of Hera's temples to ask for her help in obtaining Penelope for herself. Hera sends down a club and is instructed to kill Hercules (HTLJ: "As Darkness Falls")

Hera later chains Prometheus to a rock causing Earth to lose the gift of fire and medicine. This caused Xena and Gabrielle to team up with Hercules and Iolaus to obtain the Sword of Hephaestus which would free Prometheus (XWP: "Prometheus").

Salmoneus later obtains some treasure that belonged to Hera. Zandar informs Hera of Hercules' interference and she sends him Pyro (HTLJ: "The Fire Down Below").

100 years ago, Hera was responsible for trapping Typhon's foot in a rock so that she can have Echidna and her children do bad things. Hercules was able to free Typhon. Hera later sends a sign to Maceus to work with the freed Echidna to destroy Hercules (HTLJ: "Cast a Giant Shadow").

Once Hera fell in love with a mortal, but Aphrodite seduced him first and like punisher Hera curse her son Cupid, that if he ever felt unrequited love for a mortal, he would turn into a Green-Eyed Monster (HTLJ: "The Green-Eyed Monster"). 

Traicus later beseeches Hera for help against Hercules. Hera creates a Minotaur and it's Assistant Minotaur to kill Hercules (HTLJ: "The Sword of Veracity").

Hera punishes Nemesis for refusing to kill Hercules by removing her divine powers. To replace Nemesis, Hera creates the Water Enforcer to kill Hercules (HTLJ: "The Enforcer").

Hera later creates the Fire Enforcer following the destruction of the Water Enforcer (HTLJ: "Not Fade Away").

Hera later realigns herself with the Blue Priest (who was previously revived by Ares) to lead an attack on Jason and Alcmene's wedding (HTLJ: "The Wedding of Alcmene").

When Queen Maliphone prays to Hera for help to stop Hercules, she sends her guards to Bethos (HTLJ: "A Star to Guide Them").

Hera visits Callisto in Tartarus where she offers her an opportunity to return to life in exchange that she kills Hercules in a day. (HTLJ: "Surprise")

When King Augeus starts to think of himself as Zeus, Hera plays along with this and grants him the ability to throw thunder balls in exchange that he kills Hercules by dusk (HTLJ: "Reign of Terror").

Hercules, Iolaus, and Jason flash back to their youth when Hera in the form of a young girl manipulated Medea to make sure that Hercules doesn't survive against the Ghidra. After the Ghidra was slain, Hera in her young girl disguise showed up and made Medea disappear before getting away (Hercules: The Legendary Journeys: "Medea Culpa").

Hera shows up in person and says she came to make an "offer of peace", saying they always had their "contempt for Zeus in common". Hercules replies that they never had anything in common. Hera begins to tell him how Zeus fell out of love with her, but Hercules stops her and tells Hera that she only loves herself and that she couldn't go against Zeus so she took all her anger out on humanity. Then Hera says she just wanted to understand what Zeus had done to her and that the world was less important. Hercules says the world is important to him. Hera then vows that now Hercules is a god now and that she doesn't want to fight with him anymore and that it's zeus she hates.

Hercules says why don't you say what you're trying to say. Hera tells him "Do you believe that Zeus brought you to Olympus just to help mankind?", laughs and disappears. Hera later visits Alcmene in the Elysian Fields. Zeus is on his throne when Hera walks in. She says that every ally he ever had, including his son, has deserted him. Hera then adds that she thought she could only take over with the help of the other gods, but she now knows that Zeus will hand his power over to her. Zeus replies that he'd rather destroy Olympus first. Hera waves her hand and Alcmene appears surrounded by fire and Zeus threatens Hera by says what makes you think l won't cover the whole world with your dead ashes. She says that if Zeus does anything to her, he will never find Alcmene. With no choice, Zeus hands his godhood over to Hera. Hera then banishes him from Olympus saying that he can join the mortals he so admired.

When Zeus flirts with a woman at a bar and defeats some opponents Hera sends Ares to kill him. Hercules saves him from ares and then the still mortal Zeus meet Hera and Apollo on Olympus. Apollo rushes Hercules with his speeder, but Hercules delivers a well-placed punch. Hera then flies through the air and kicks Hercules. Hera gets off with the advantage and has the better of the fight. With two lightning bolts, she pushes Hercules back to where the past and present are stored. Hera tells Hercules that this is the Abyss of Tartarus and that "old Cronos is down there somewhere, captive until the end of time".

Hercules tries to fight back, but Hera blocks all of his punches and then lands some of her own. Hercules is standing next to the railing that separates him from the abyss, almost keeling over from the beating he's taken and Hera walks away. She suddenly turns around, fires a lightning bolt and Hercules falls over the railing. Hera walks up towards the edge of the platform, looks down and Hercules punches her in the face. Hercules is holding onto the railing with one hand and Hera places her foot on it and squeezes down, then comments "i'm going to miss you, Hercules". He succeeds in climbing back over the railing by placing his other hand on the railing, vaulting up into the air, and kicking Hera in the back of the head. The kick pushes Hera over the railing, and she screams "Hercules!" as she falls down into the abyss of Tartarus. Hercules peers over the railing and responds "i won't miss you". (HTLJ: "Reunions").

A while later, Zeus used his grandson Evander (the son of Nemesis) to use his powers to release Hera from the prison with amnesia. Hoping to regain his marriage back, Zeus reconnected with his wife, who unfortunately was given her memories back by Ares (who payed a visit to The Fates) and attempted to get her revenge on Hercules, remembering he pushed her into the abyss of Tartarus. With the help of Hercules, Hera decided to end her vendetta and give Zeus another chance after helping to heal Evander (HTLJ: "Full Circle").

When the Twilight of the Gods began to come to fruition, Zeus targeted Xena and her unborn daughter, as the Fates had predicted that she would bring about the Twilight. While Hades and most of the other gods sided with Zeus, Hera made a vow to herself to never hurt humanity again. She solemnly helped Hercules to obtain a Rib of Kronos which could be used to kill Zeus and save Xena along with her unborn child. In retaliation, Zeus confronted Hera and kissed her one last time before killing her, marking her as the first casualty of the Twilight.


THE BIRTH OF HERA

Hera, like her siblings, was swallowed by her father Kronos as soon as she was born. Zeus with the help of Metis later tricked Kronos into a swallowing a potion that forced him to disgorge his offspring.

Hesiod, Theogony 453 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) :
"But Rhea was subject in love to Kronos and bare splendid children, Hestia, Demeter, and gold-shod Hera and strong Hades . . . and the loud-crashing Earth-Shaker [Poseidon], and wise Zeus . . . These great Kronos swallowed as each came forth from the womb to his mother's knees with this intent, that no other of the proud sons of Ouranos should hold the kingly office amongst the deathless gods. For he learned from Gaia (Earth) and starry Ouranos (Sky) that he was destined to be overcome by his own son, strong though he was, through the contriving of great Zeus.Therefore he kept no blind outlook, but watched and swallowed down his children: and unceasing grief seized Rhea . . .
[Rhea hid her youngest child Zeus from Kronos.] The strength and glorious limbs of the prince increased quickly, and as the years rolled on, great Kronos the wily was beguiled by the deep suggestions of Gaia (Earth), and brought up again his offspring, vanquished by the arts and might of his own son, and he vomited up first the stone which he had swallowed last."

Homeric Hymn 5 to Aphrodite 42 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C7th - 4th B.C.) :
"[Hera] whom wily Kronos with her mother Rheia did beget."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 4 ff (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Because both Ge (Earth) and Ouranos (Sky) had given him [Kronos] a prophetic warning that his rule would be overthrown by a son of his own stock, he took to swallowing his children at birth. He swallowed his first-born daughter Hestia, then Demeter and Hera, and after Plouton and Poseidon . . .
[Later] Metis gave Kronos a drug, by which he was forced to vomit forth first the stone and then the children he had swallowed."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 7. 4. 4 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"The Samians themselves hold that the goddess [Hera] was born in the island by the side of the river Imbrasos under the willow that even in my time grew in the Heraion (temple of Hera)."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Preface (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"From Saturnus [Kronos] and Ops [Rhea] [were born] : Vesta [Hestia], Ceres [Demeter], Juno [Hera], Juppiter [Zeus], Pluto [Hades], Neptunus [Poseidon]."

Apuleius, The Golden Ass 6. 3 ff (trans. Walsh) (Roman novel C2nd A.D.) :
"You [Hera] reside in your ancient shrine at Samos, which alone can pride itself on your birth, your infant cries, and your nurture."

For MORE information on her birth, devouring and regurgitation see KRONOS

FOSTERING OF HERA

Homer, Iliad 14. 200 ff (trans. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) :
"I [Hera] go now to the ends of the generous earth on a visit to Okeanos, whence the gods have risen, and Tethys our mother who brought me up kindly in their own house, and cared for me and took me from Rheia, at that time when Zeus of the wide brows drove Kronos underneath the earth and the barren water."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 13. 3 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"Olen [semi-legendary poet], in his hymn to Hera, says that Hera was reared by the Horai (Seasons)."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 17. 1 :
"[Near the Heraion and river Asterios in Argos :] Euboia is the name they give to the hill here, saying that Asterion the river had three daughters, Euboia, Prosymna, and Akraia, and that they were nurses of Hera."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. 22. 2 :
"The story has it that in the old Stymphalos [in Arkadia] dwelt Temenos, the son of Pelasgos, and that Hera was reared by this Temenos."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 177 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Tethys, wife of Oceanus and foster mother of Juno."

Ovid, Metamorphoses 2. 512 ff (trans. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"Juno [Hera] . . . descended to the sea, to Tethys and old Oceanus, whom the gods greatly revere, and to their questioning replied : &lsquo. . . You who reared me . . .&rsquo"

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 31. 264 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) :
"Hera the Titan's daughter took strong part in the war against Kronos her father and helped Zeus in his fight."

For MORE information on her foster-parents & nurses see:
OKEANOS, TETHYS and ASTERIONIDES

SEDUCTION OF HERA BY ZEUS

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 17. 4 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"The presence of a cuckoo seated on the sceptre [of Hera] they explain by the story that when Zeus was in love with Hera in her maidenhood he changed himself into this bird, and she caught it to be her pet [in order to seduce her]."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 36. 1 :
"A mountain [near Halike in Argos], called in old days Thornax but they say that the name was changed because, according to legend, it was here that the transformation of Zeus into a cuckoo took place. Even to the present day there are sanctuaries on the tops of the mountains : on Mount Kokkux (Cuckoo) one of Zeus, on Pron one of Hera."

Statius, Achilleid 1. 588 ff (trans. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) :
"Beneath his mother Rhea's rule the young prince of Olympus [Zeus] gave treacherous kisses to his sister [Hera] he was still her brother and she thought no harm, until the reverence for their common blood gave way, and the sister feared a lover's passion."

THE WEDDING OF ZEUS & HERA

Hera grew up to be the most beautiful of the goddesses and Zeus made her his bride. As a wedding present Gaia created for her the famed garden of the golden appples, which the Hesperides and the Drakon Ladon were set to guard.

Hesiod, Theogony 921 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) :
"Lastly, he [Zeus] made Hera his blooming wife : and she was joined in love with the king of gods and men, and brought forth Hebe and Ares and Eileithyia." [N.B. Hesiod says "lastly" because the marriage of Hera followed after Zeus' seductions of the goddesses Metis, Themis, Eurynome, Demeter, Mnemosyne, and Leto.]

Aristophanes, Birds 1720 ff (trans. O'Neill) (Greek comedy C5th to 4th B.C.) :
"Let your nuptial hymns, your nuptial songs, greet him and his [wife]! 'Twas in the midst of such [wedding] festivities that the Moirai (Fates) formerly united Olympian Hera to the King [Zeus] who governs the gods from the summit of his inaccessible throne. Oh! Hymen! oh! Hymenaios! Rosy Eros with the golden wings held the reins and guided the chariot 'twas he, who presided over the union of Zeus and the fortunate Hera. Oh! Hymen! oh! Hymenaios!"

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 113 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Gaia (Earth) had given them [the golden apples and tree] to Zeus when he married Hera. An immortal serpent guarded them . . . With it the Hesperides themselves were posted as guards, by name Aigle, Erytheis, Hesperie, and Arethusa."

Callimachus, Aetia Fragment 2. 3 (from Scholiast on Homer's Iliad 1. 609) (trans. Trypanis) (Greek poet C3rd B.C.) :
"Zeus loved [Hera] passionately for three hundred years." [N.B. This refers to the Hieros Gamos or secret marriage of Zeus and Hera.]

Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 5. 72. 4 (trans. Oldfather) (Greek historian C1st B.C.) :
"Men say that the marriage of Zeus and Hera was held in the territory of the Knossians [on the island of Krete], at a place near the river Theren, where now a temple stands in which the natives of the place annually offer holy sacrifices and imitate the ceremony of the marriage, in the manner in which tradition tells it was originally performed."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 38. 2 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"In Nauplia . . . is a spring called Kanathos. Here, say the Argives, Hera bathes every year and recovers her maidenhood [i.e. her virginity]."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. 22. 2 :
"[Temenos of Arkadia] gave her [Hera] three surnames when she was still a maiden, Pais (Girl) when married to Zeus he called her Teleia (Grown-up)."

Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae 3. 83c (trans. Gullick) (Greek rhetorician C2nd to C3rd A.D.) :
"As for the so-called apples of the Hesperides, Asklepiades [C2nd A.D.], in the sixtienth book of his Egyptian History, says that Ge (Earth) brought them forth in honour of the nuptials, as it was called, of Zeus and Hera."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. 3 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Constellation Serpent . . . He is said to have guarded the golden apples of the Hesperides, and after Hercules killed him, to have been put by Juno among the stars. He is considered the usual watchman of the Gardens of Juno [Hera]. Pherecydes [Greek mythographer C5th B.C.] says that when Jupiter [Zeus] wed Juno, Terra [Gaia] came, bearing branches with golden applies, and Juno, in admiration, asked Terra to plant them in her gardens near distant Mount Atlas. When Atlas' daughters kept picking the apples from the trees, Juno is said to have placed this guardian there."

Ovid, Metamorphoses 9. 497 ff (trans. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"Gods have loved their sisters yes, indeed! Why Saturnus [Kronos] married Ops [Rhea], his kin by blood . . . and Rector Olympi (Olympus' Lord) [Zeus], married Juno [Hera]. But the gods above are laws unto themselves."

Ovid, Heroides 4. 35 ff (trans. Showerman) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"Should Juno yield me him who is at once her brother and lord."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 41. 263 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) :
"[Aphrodite addresses Harmonia :] &lsquoI joined Zeus in wedlock with Hera his sister, after he had felt the pangs of longlasting desire and desired her for three hundred years: in gratitude he bowed his wise head, and promised a worthy reward for the marriage that he would commit the precepts of Justice (Dike) to one of the cities allotted to me [i.e. Beruit].&rsquo"

Servius, On Virgil's Aeneid 1. 505 (Roman scholia C4th A.D.) :
"For his wedding with Juno [Hera], Jupiter [Zeus] ordered Mercurius [Hermes] to invite all the gods, the men and the animals to the wedding. Everyone invited by Mercurius [Hermes] came, except for [the Nymphe] Chelone who did not deign to be there, mocking the wedding. When Mercurius noticed her absence, he went back down to the earth, threw in the river the house of Chelone that was standing over the river and changed Chelone in an animal that would bear her name [the tortoise]."

CHILDREN OF ZEUS & HERA

Hera was the mother by Zeus of Ares, Eileithyia and Hebe. Ares was born before the Titan-War and he is said to have defended Olympos against the assaults of the Titanes.

Hesiod, Theogony 921 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) :
"Lastly, he [Zeus] made Hera his blooming wife: and she was joined in love with the king of gods and men, and brought forth Hebe and Ares and Eileithyia."

Aeschylus, Fragment 282 (from Papyri Oxyrhynchus) (trans. Lloyd-Jones) :
"Hera has reared a violent son [Ares] whom she has borne to Zeus, a god irascible, hard to govern, an one whose mind knew no respect for others. He shot wayfarers with deadly arrows, and ruthless hacked . . ((lacuna)) with hooked spears . . ((lacuna)) he rejoiced and laughed."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 13 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Zeus married Hera and fathered Hebe, Eileithyia, and Ares."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. 18. 5 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"The Kretans suppose that Eileithyia was born at Amnisos in the Knossian territory [in Krete], and that Hera was her mother."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 13. 3 :
"Olen, in his hymn to Hera, says . . . that her children were Ares and Hebe."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. 9. 2 :
"Hera's daughter Hebe."

Aelian, On Animals 7. 15 (trans. Scholfield) (Greek natural history C2nd A.D.) :
"Ye Eileithyiai (Goddesses of Birth), daughters of Hera."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Preface (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Again from Jove [Zeus] and Juno [Hera] [were born]: Juventus (Youth) [Hebe], Libertas (Liberty) [Eileithyia ?]."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 8. 178 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) :
"Now Hera left the shieldbeswingled cave of the Diktaian rock and the cavern where the goddess of childbirth [Eileithyia] was born [in Krete]."

HERA & THE BIRTH OF ATHENA

There were two versions of Hera's reaction to the birth of Athena. In the first, she was furious that Zeus had produced a child alone, and she produced Hephaistos in response. In the second, Hera was pleased with the child and accepted her like a daughter.

Hesiod, Theogony 921 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) :
"Zeus gave birth from his own head to Tritogeneia [Athena] . . . Hera was very angry and quarrelled with her mate. And because of this strife she bare without union with Zeus who hold the aigis a glorious son, Hephaistos, who excelled all the sons of Heaven in crafts."

Philostratus the Elder, Imagines 2. 27 (trans. Fairbanks) (Greek rhetorician C3rd A.D.) :
"[From a description of an ancient Greek painting at Neapolis (Naples) :] Athena, at this moment has just burst forth fully armed from the head of Zeus, through the devices of Hephaistos . . . Zeus breathes deeply with delight . . . and he looks searchingly for his daughter, feeling pride in his offspring nor yet is there even on Hera's face any trace of indignation nay, she rejoices, as though Athena were her daughter also."

HERA & HER SON HEPHAESTUS

After Athene's birth from the head of Zeus, Hera was furious and gave birth without Zeus to the fatherless Hephaistos.

Hesiod, Theogony 921 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) :
"Zeus gave birth from his own head to Tritogeneia [Athena] . . . Hera was very angry and quarrelled with her mate. And because of this strife she bare without union with Zeus who hold the aigis a glorious son, Hephaistos, who excelled all the sons of Heaven in crafts."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 19 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Hera bore Hephaistos without benefit of sexual intercourse, although Homer says that Zeus was his father. Zeus threw him from the sky for helping Hera when she was in chains. Zeus had hung her from Olympos as punishment for setting a storm on Herakles as he was sailing back from his conquest of Troy. Hephaistos landed on Lemnos, cripped in both legs."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. 20. 3 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"One of the Greek legends is that Hephaistos, when he was born, was thrown down by Hera. In revenge he sent as a gift a golden chair with invisible fetters. When Hera sat down she was held fast, and Hephaistos refused to listen to any other of the gods save Dionysos--in him he reposed the fullest trust--and after making him drunk Dionysos brought him to heaven."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 3. 18. 16 :
"[Amongst the scenes depicted on the throne of Apollon at Amyklai near Sparta :] There are also represented . . . the fabled binding of Hera by Hephaistos."

For MORE information on this god see HEPHAISTOS

Hephaestus, Dionysus, Satyriscus, Hebe and Hera, Athenian red-figure skyphos C5th B.C., Toledo Museum of Art

BIRTH OF TYPHAON

After Athene's birth from the head of Zeus, Hera was angered and invoking the powers of Heaven and Earth produced the monster Typhaon.

Homeric Hymn 3 to Pythian Apollo 300 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C7th - 4th B.C.) :
"She [Python] it was who once received from gold-throned Hera and brought up fell, cruel Typhaon to be a plague to men. Once on a time Hera bare him because she was angry with father Zeus, when Kronides bare all-glorious Athene in his head. Thereupon queenly Hera was angry and spoke among the assembled gods : &lsquo. . . Yes, now I will contrive that a son be born me to be foremost among the undying gods - and that without casting shame on the holy bond of wedlock between you and me. And I will not come to your bed, but will consort with the blessed gods far off from you.&rsquo
When she had so spoken, she went apart from the gods, being very angry. Then straightway large-eyed queenly Hera prayed, striking the ground flatwise with her hand, and speaking thus : &lsquoHear now, I pray, Gaia and wide Ouranos above, and you Titanes gods who dwell beneath the earth about great Tartaros, and from whom are sprung both gods and men! Harken you now to me, one and all, and grant that I may bear a child apart from Zeus, no wit lesser than him in strength--nay, let him be as much stronger than Zeus as all-seeing Zeus than Kronos.&rsquo
Thus she cried and lashed the earth with her strong hand. Then the life-giving Gaia (Earth) was moved: and when Hera saw it she was glad in heart, for she thought her prayer would be fulfilled. And thereafter she never came to the bed of wise Zeus for a full year . . . But when the months and days were fulfilled and the seasons duly came on as the earth moved round, she bare one neither like the gods nor mortal men, fell, cruel Typhaon, to be a plague to men. Straightway large-eyed queenly Hera took him and bringing one evil thing to another such, gave him to the drakaina and she received him. And this Typhaon used to work great mischief among the famous tribes of men."

For MORE information on this monstrous giant see TYPHOEUS

SEPARATION & RECONCILIATION OF ZEUS AND HERA

Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. 22. 2 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"[Temenos] gave her [Hera] three surnames when she was still a maiden, Pais (Girl) when married to Zeus he called her Teleia (Grown-up) when for some cause or other she quarrelled with Zeus and came back to Stymphalos, Temenos named her Khera (Widow). This is the account which, to my own knowledge, the Stymphalians [of Arkadia] give of the goddess."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 9. 3. 1 :
"Hera, they say, was for some reason or other angry with Zeus, and had retreated to Euboia. Zeus, failing to make her change her mind, visited Kithaeron, at that time despot in Plataia [or the mountain-god], who surpassed all men for his cleverness. So he ordered Zeus to make an image of wood, and to carry it, wrapped up, in a bullock wagon, and to say that he was celebrating his marriage with Plataia, the daughter of Asopos. So Zeus followed the advice of Kithairon. Hera heard the news at once, and at once appeared on the scene. But when she came near the wagon and tore away the dress from the image, she was pleased at the deceit, on finding it a wooden image and not a bride, and was reconciled to Zeus. To commemorate this reconciliation they celebrate a festival called Daidala."

HERA & POSEIDON CONTEST ARGOS

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 13 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"The land [of Argos] was without water [when Danaus and his daughters arrived there], thanks to Poseidon, who, in anger at Inakhos for testifying that the region belonged to Hera, had dried up even the springs."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 15. 4 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"The oldest tradition in the region now called Argolis is that when Inakhos was king he named the river after himself and sacrificed to Hera. There is also another legend which says that Inakhos . . . was not a man but the river. This river, with the rivers Kephisos and Asterion, judged concerning the land between Poseidon and Hera. They decided that the land belonged to Hera, and so Poseidon made their waters disappear. For this reason neither Inakhos nor either of the other rivers I have mentioned provides any water except after rain."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 22. 4 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"They say that Poseidon inundated the greater part of the country [Argos] because Inakhos and his assessors decided that the land belonged to Hera and not to him. Now it was Hera who induced Poseidon to send the sea back, but the Argives made a sanctuary to Poseidon Prosklystios at the spot where the tide ebbed."

For MORE information on the river-god judges see ASTERION and KEPHISOS

HERA, ATHENA, POSEIDON & THE BINDING OF ZEUS

Homer, Iliad 1. 397 ff (trans. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) :
"You [Thetis] said you only among the immortals beat aside shameful destruction from Kronos' son [Zeus] the dark-misted, that time when all the other Olympian gods sought to bind him, Hera and Poseidon and Pallas Athene. Then you, goddess, went and set him free from his shackles, summoning in speed the creature of the hundred hands to tall Olympos, that creature the gods name Briareos, but all men Aigaios' son, but he is far greater in strength than his father. He rejoicing in the glory of it sat down by Kronion, and the rest of the blessed gods were frightened and gave up binding him."

Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 2. 82 ff (trans. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) :
"What time Jupiter [Zeus] first heard the rising tide of secret girdings, and felt the anger of the gods kindle against his new soveignty, and that the calm of peace in heaven could not last, first he hung up Juno [Hera] from the wheeling sky and showed to her chaos in its horror and the doom of the abyss. And presently when Vulcanus [Hephaistos] would have undone his trembling mother's fetters, down from the sheer height of heaven he cast him."

For MORE information on the helpers of Zeus see BRIAREOS and THETIS

HERA & THE WAR OF THE GIANTS

Hera distinguished herself in the war by slaying the giant Phoitos--a scene depicted in ancient vase painting. She was also rescued by Herakles and Zeus when the giant Porphyrion became filled with lust and attempted to rape her.

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 36 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"In the course of the battle [of gods and giants] Porphyrion rushed against Herakles and also Hera. Zeus instilled him with a passion for Hera, and when he tore her gown and wanted to rape her, she called for help, whereat Zeus hit him with a thunderbolt and Herakles slew him with an arrow."

For MORE information on the War of the Giants see GIGANTES

HERA & THE ALOADAE GIANTS

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 54 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"[The Aloadai giants who attempted to storm heaven :] Ephialtes paid amorous attention to Hera, as did Otos to Artemis."

For MORE information on these giants see ALOADAI

HERA & THE LUST OF IXION

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca E1. 20 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Ixion fell in love with Hera and tried to rape her, and when Hera told Zeus about it, Zeus wanted to determine if her report was really true. So he fashioned a cloud to look like Hera, and laid it by Ixion's side. When Ixion bragged that he had slept with Hera, Zeus punished him by tying him to a wheel, on which he was turned by winds up in the air."

Philostratus, Life of Apollonius of Tyana 6. 40 (trans. Conybeare) (Greek biography C1st to C2nd A.D.) :
"If you only would bear in mind the fate of Ixion [who fell in love with Hera], you would never have dreamed of falling in love with beings so much above you. For he, you remember is bent and stretched across the heaven like a wheel."

CONTEST OF ZEUS AND HERA & THE JUDGEMENT OF TIRESIAS

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 71 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Teiresias saw two snakes sexually couples in the area of Kyllene, and when he injured them he changed from a man into a woman. Later, seeing the same snakes again mating, he was changed back into a man. Thus, when Hera and Zeus were arguing as to whether men or women enjoy sex more, they put the question to Teiresias. He said that on a scale of ten, women enjoy it nine times to men's one. Whereupon Hera blinded him, and Zeus gave him the power of prophecy."

HERA FAVOUR : PANDAREIDES

Pausanias, Description of Greece 10. 30. 1 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"The parents of the maidens [the daughters of Pandareos] died because of the wrath of the gods, that they were reared as orphans by Aphrodite and received gifts from other goddesses: from Hera wisdom and beauty of form, from Artemis high stature, from Athena schooling in the works that befit women."

HERA FAVOUR : JASON & THE ARGONAUTS

I. COMMAND OF PELIAS

For the PRELUDE to this story see Hera Wrath: Pelias

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 108 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"When Pelias asked an oracle about his kingdom, the god warned him against the &lsquoone-sandaled man.&rsquo . . .
[Jason arrived in the city missing a sandal.] [Pelias] went up to Iason and asked him what he as king would do, if an oracle had told him he was to be assassinated by one of the citizens. Iason's reply was made either because he was taken by surprise or because of Hera, who in her wrath at Pelias for not honouring her, had planned Medeia as an evil for him. &lsquoThe Golden-Fleece,&rsquo said Iason, &lsquoI would assign him the task of retrieving it.&rsquo When Pelias heard this, he straightway commanded Iason to go after the fleece."

II. ARGONAUTS ABANDON HERAKLES

Suidas s.v. O Herakleis ti mainei (trans. Suda On Line) (Byzantine Greek lexicon C10th A.D.) :
"O Heracles, why are you mad? They say that this was said by the Argonauts, when they were calling on Heracles who had been left behind by them in accordance with a wish of Hera."

III. PASSAGE THROUGH THE CLASHING ROCKS

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 125 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"They [the Argonauts] watched until the [Clashing] Rocks drew apart and then, by dint of vigorous rowing and Hera's help, they made it through, although the tip of the ship's curved poop was trimmed off."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 136 :
"The ship [of the Argonauts] came successively to Kharybdis, Skylla, and the wandering rocks called Planktai . . . But Hera sent for Thetis and the Nereides, who escorted the ship through these hazards."

IV. MEDEA AT THE ALTAR OF HERA

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 146 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"[At Korinthos, after destroying the king and his daughter with fire, Medeia fled the city.] In another account she [Medea] left her sons [by Jason] behind, inasmuch as they were still infants, setting them before she fled as suppliants on the altar of Hera Akraia (of the Heights) but the Korinthians took them from the sanctuary and wounded them thoroughly."

HERA & THE TROJAN WAR

I. THE JUDGEMENT OF PARIS

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca E3. 2 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"[At the wedding of Peleus and Thetis :] Eris tossed an apple to Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite, in recognition of their beauty, and Zeus bade Hermes escort them to Alexandros [Paris] on Ide, to be judged by him. They offered Alexandros gifts: Hera said if she were chosen fairest of all women, she would make him king of all men Athena promised him victory in war and Aphrodite promised him Helene in marriage. So he chose Aphrodite."

II. CONFRONTS ZEUS OVER HIS PACT WITH THETIS

Homer, Iliad 1. 536 - 570 ff (trans. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) :
"Zeus went back to his own house, and all the gods rose up from their chairs to greet the coming of their father, not one had courage to keep his place on the throne yet Hera was not ignorant, having seen how he had been plotting counsels with Thetis the silver-footed, the daughter of the sea's ancient, and at once she spoke revilingly to Zeus son of Kronos : &lsquoTreacherous one, what god has been plotting counsels with you? Always it is dear to your heart in my absence to think of secret things and decide upon them. Never have you patience frankly to speak forth to me the thing that you purpose.&rsquo
Then to her the father of gods and men made answer : &lsquoHera, do not go on hoping that you will hear all my thoughts, since these will be too hard for you, thought you are my wife. Any thought that it is right for you to listen to, no one neither man nor any immortal shall hear it before you. But anything that apart from the rest of the gods I wish to plan, do not always question each detail nor probe me.&rsquo
Then the goddess the ox-eyed lady Hera answered : &lsquoMajesty, son of Kronos, what sort of thing have you spoken? Truly too much in time past I have not questioned nor probed you, but you are entirely free to think out whatever pleases you. Now, though, I am terribly afraid you were won over by Thetis the silver-footed, the daughter of the sea's ancient. For in the early morning she sat beside you and took your knees, and I think you bowed your head in assent to honour Akhilleus, and to destroy many beside the ships of the Akhaians.&rsquo
Then in return Zeus who gathers the clouds made answer : &lsquoDear lady, I never escape you, you are always full of suspicion. Yet thus you can accomplish nothing surely, but be more distant from my heart than ever, and it will be the worse for you. If what you say is true, then that is the way I wish it. But go then, sit down in silence, and do as I tell you, for fear all the gods, as many as are on Olympos, can do nothing if I come close and lay my unconquerable hands upon you.&rsquo
He spoke, and the goddess the ox-eyed lady Hera was frightened and went and sat down in silence wrenching her heart to obedience and all the Ouranion gods in the house of Zeus were troubled."

III. HERA SUPPORTS THE GREEKS ON THE BATTLEFIELD

Homer, Iliad 5. 711 ff :
"Now as the goddess Hera of the white arms perceived how the Argives were perishing in the strong encounter [with the Trojans], immediately she spoke to Pallas Athene her winged words : &lsquoFor shame, now, Atrytone, daughter of Zeus of the aigis: nothing then meant the word we promised to Menelaos, to go home after sacking the strong-walled city of Ilion, if we are to let cursed Ares be so furious. Come then, let us rather think of our own stark courage.&rsquo
So she spoke, nor did the goddess grey-eyed Athene disobey her . . . [The two travelled to Troy in Hera's chariot.]
Now these two walked forward in little steps like shivering doves, in their eagerness to stand by the men of Argos, after they had come to the place where the most and the bravest stood close huddled about . . . there standing the goddess of the white arms, Hera, shouted, likening herself to high-hearted, bronze-voiced Stentor, who could cry out in as great a voice as fifty other men : &lsquoShame, you Argives, poor nonentities splendid to look on. In those days when brilliant Akhilleus came into the fighting, never would the Trojans venture beyond the Dardanian gates, so much did they dread the heavy spear of that man. Now they fight by the hollow ships and far from the city.&rsquo
So she spoke, and stirred the spirit and strength in each man."

III. HERA SEDUCES ZEUS TO AID THE GREEKS

After Zeus forbade the gods to attend the battlefield of Troy, and implemented his plan to support the Trojans and avenge Akhilleus as he promised Thetis. Hera, however, seeing the Greeks in peril conspired to seduce and put Zeus to sleep, so that Poseidon could rally their forces.

Homer, Iliad 14. 153 - 316 :
"Now Hera, she of the golden throne, standing on Olympos' horn, looked out with her eyes, and saw at once how her brother and her lord's brother, was bustling about the battle where men win glory, and her heart was happy. Then she saw Zeus, sitting along the loftiest summit on Ida of the springs, and in her eyes she was hateful. And now the lady ox-eyed Hera was divided in purpose as to how she could beguile the brain in Zeus of the aegis. And to her mind this thing appeared to be the best counsel, to array herself in loveliness, and go down to Ida, and perhaps he might be taken with desire to lie in love with her next her skin, and she might be able to drift an innocent warm sleep across his eyelids, and seal his crafty perceptions . . . [She applies her makeup and adorns herself in jewellery--see The Bath of Hera below.]
Now, when she had clothed her body in all this loveliness, she went out from the chamber, and called aside Aphrodite to come away from the rest of the gods, and spoke a word to her : &lsquoWould you do something for me, dear child, if I were to ask you? Or would you refuse it? Are you forever angered against me because I defend the Danaans, while you help the Trojans?&rsquo
Then the daughter of Zeus, Aphrodite, answered her : &lsquoHera, honoured goddess, daughter of mighty Kronos, speak whatever is in your mind. My heart is urgent to do it if I can, and if it is a thing that can be accomplished.&rsquo
Then, with false lying purpose the lady Hera answered her : &lsquoGive me loveliness and desirability, graces with which you overwhelm mortal men, and all the immortals. Since I go now to the ends of the generous earth, on a visit to Okeanos, whence the gods are risen, and Tethys our mother who brought me up kindly in their own house, and cared for me and took me from Rheia, at that time when Zeus of the wide brows drove Kronos underneath the earth and the barren water. I shall go visit these, and resolve their division of discord, since now for a long time they have stayed apart from each other and from the bed of love, since rancour has entered their feelings. Could I win over with persuasion the dear heart within them and bring them back to their bed to be merged in love with each other I shall be forever called honoured by them, and beloved.&rsquo
Then in turn Aphrodite the laughing answered her : &lsquoI cannot, and I must not deny this thing that you ask for, you, who lie in the arms of Zeus, since he is our greatest.&rsquo
She spoke, and from her breasts unbound the elaborate pattern-pierced zone, and on it are figured all beguilements . . . Hera smiled on her and smiling hid the zone away in the fold of her bosom.
So Aphrodite went back into the house, Zeus' daughter, while Hera in a flash of speed left the horn of Olympos and crossed over Pieria and Emathia the lovely and overswept the snowy hills of the Thrakian riders and their uttermost pinnacles, nor touched the ground with her feet . . . Hera light-footed made her way to the peak of Gargaros on towering Ida. And Zeus who gathers the clouds saw her, and when he saw her desire was a mist about his close heart as mush as on that time they first went to bed together and lay in love, and their dear parents knew nothing of it. He stood before her and called her by name and spoke to her : &lsquoHera, what is your desire that you come down here from Olympos? And your horses are not here, nor your chariot, which you would ride in.&rsquo
Then with false lying purpose the lady Hera answered him : &lsquoI am going to the ends of the generous earth, on a visit to Okeanos, whence the gods have risen, and Tethys our mother, who brought me up kindly in their house and cared for me . . .&rsquo
Then in turn Zeus who gathers the clouds answered her : &lsquoHera, there will be a time afterwards when you can go there as well. But now let us go to bed and turn to love-making. For never before has love for any goddess or woman so melted about the heart inside me, broken it to submission, as now.&rsquo"

Plato, Republic 390b (trans. Shorey) (Greek philosopher C4th B.C.) :
"[From Plato's critique of the portrayal of the gods in Homer :] Nor will it profit them [the youth] to hear how Zeus lightly forgot all the designs which he devised, watching while the other gods slept, because of the excitement of his passions, and was so overcome by the sight of Hera that he is not even willing to go to their chamber, but wants to lie with her there on the ground and says that he is possessed by a fiercer desire than when they first consorted with one another, &lsquoDeceiving their dear parents.&rsquo"

IV. . . . MORE TO COME

HERA & THE INDIAN WAR OF DIONYSUS

When the gods ranged against each other in conflict in both the Indian Wars of Dionysos and the famed Trojan War, Artemis stood against Hera in battle and was defeated.


Messenger Zoe

A Messenger appeared to Zoe Graystone decades before the Fall of the Twelve Colonies in the form of Zoe herself. The Messenger's first act was to save Zoe from a fire which burned down the Graystones' prior residence, when Zoe was a little girl. She then continued to appear to Zoe, who considered her a friend, periodically. Messenger Zoe had the form of teenage Zoe before Zoe herself entered adolescence. On one occasion, when Zoe was a teenager and now identical to her Messenger counterpart, Messenger Zoe encouraged her to outdo her father Daniel Graystone by creating life with her computer skills, after they noticed that Daniel had "stolen" the design for the U-87 Cyber Combat Unit from drawings made by Zoe. This suggestion led to the creation of Zoe-A, Zoe's holographic avatar duplicate (CAP: "Things We Lock Away").

Messenger Zoe later appears to Zoe-A when the latter is engaged in combat with Tamara-A and several users in New Cap City who blame her for the destruction of Maglev 23. She encourages Zoe-A to be her own person and not accept the blame for Zoe's sins. This leads to Zoe-A convincing Tamara-A to form an alliance (CAP: "Things We Lock Away").

An unidentified Zoe sits smiling among Sister Clarice Willow's otherwise entirely Cylon congregation of monotheists in the flash-forward montage at the end of "Apotheosis". The scene precedes Zoe-A's resurrection into the first skinjob body, yet is years after original Zoe's death and Zoe-A's denouncement of Willow.


Watch the video: Να κάνετε αποθήκη τροφίμων για 6 Μήνες - Ελπίδιος


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